There are far too many to include here.

One the earliest computer games was Colossal Cave. There is n emulation you can play here.

I've tried to cluster them in types.

Human-based computation games

There is a good deal of interest in teaching with games as any visit to an app site will indicate. This account of teaching anthropology is useful in the way it maps the development of the game.

The CIA have developed board games to train their staff.